New England Survey of Environmental Horticulture 2003

Plant production and sales


Numbers equate to estimate of percent of total plant sales (%), by category, for each state.
 
  CT ME MA NH RI VT state average
Own production
32
32
28
45
56
39
39
Prefinished
18
27
27
27
11
18
21
Finished
50
41
45
28
33
43

In order to make more valid comparisons with the previous survey results in 2000, percents above were used from the previous survey. The relative proportions of types of plant sales likely have not changed significantly over the three-year period, and such changes are likely much less significant than those due to smaller sample sizes in this survey. The latter resulted in proportionately larger numbers of large firms among survey respondents in this survey, and in states with large-scale production, these would greatly skew the relative proportions.

Numbers equate to estimate of plant sales ($ millions), by category, for each state and the New England region. Production includes own-produced and prefinished.
 
  CT ME MA NH RI VT region 
Own production
182
32
214
95
138
29
 
Prefinished
102
27
206
57
27
13
 
Finished
285
41
343
58
81
32
 
               
Production
284
59
420
152
165
42
1,122
total 
569
100
763
210
246
74
1,963
Production as percent of total
50%
59%
55%
72%
67%
57%
60%
sales, % of total income
60%
35%
41%
48%
75%
40%
50%

Due to the small number of respondents respondents in this survey, the smaller sample size, and the larger proportion of large firms responding relative to others, percents for sales and type of production were used from the previous survey in order to minimize errors from these factors. These figures may therefore be conservative, as increases in plants sales and production as percent of overall income would not be reflected.

The production figures in Massachusetts and Connecticut can not be compared with those from annual federal NASS on production. The latter reflect wholesale sales not all plant sales as in this survey, sales from firms earning over $100,000 not all firms as in this survey, and also include fruit and Christmas trees unlike this survey.

Analysis by Income Level

Above figures are averages, based on reported incomes in each category, for the overall sampled population. These figures may vary with income levels as shown below. Connecticut was chosen as an example as it has a large wholesale production industry. Such an industry with large firms, if reporting in high numbers, will likely skew the overall results. Vermont was chosen as an example as it has a small wholesale production industry, and large landscape service sector.

A varying response from a particular type of firm such as large wholesalers, or among income levels, between surveys will likely produce different results as well. The table and charts below are based on survey 2001 survey respondents.

Each state has quite a different split among types of production, depending on income level. In Vermont, smaller firms tend to produce more of their own plants while in Connecticut such small firms tend to buy them in finished. In Vermont, the larger firms with plant sales are garden centers that tend to buy material finished and ready to sell. In Connecticut, there are several large wholesale producers of nursery and floriculture crops which result in more income from own-produced plants at the highest income levels. In Connecticut, the total percents for each type of plant sales is more reflective of the highest income producers. In Vermont, the total percents are not reflective of any particular income level. In both cases, the mean percents-- an average of the percents for those under and over $1million-- is similar to the total percents, only smaller by a few percentage points.

Percents of various types of plant production, among income levels for respondents to 2003 survey in Connecticut.
 
  <$100,000 <$1million >$1million Overall
Own production
24
26
74
64
Prefinished
33
41
19
23
Finished
43
33
8
13


 

From respondents to this survey, firms over $100,000 in total gross income account for 90% or more of plant sales (includes own-produced and prefinished) in either state. Sales among income levels vary with state, depending on types of production at each level.



Return to New England Industry Survey homepage | results