Perry's Perennial Pages

Propagation Methods for Herbaceous Perennials--B

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I, J, K | L | M | N, O | P | R | S | T | U,V,W, X,Y,Z

The following table contains temperate and sub-tropical (to USDA zone 9) herbaceous genera and species. Some may be quite rare and only found on a continent or country such as Australia or South Africa. Due to variations in references, some may contain more than one comment or time period for a method.

Methods of Propagation:
S = seed LC = leaf cutting
SC = stem cutting L = layering
RC = root cutting TC = tissue culture or micropropagation
D = division

This table is an updated and expanded version of the printed version which can be found in the NRAES book by Dr. Leonard Perry, Herbaceous Perennial Production.  Appreciation is expressed to Andrea Luchini, graduate assistant, for most of this update.


Scientific Name

Common Name

Methods of Propagation

Time Period

Comments/Requirements

Baldellia ranunculoides

 

S

 

like Alisma

 

 

D

spring, summer

 

Ballota sp.

Black Horehound

D

 

herbaceous sp.

 

 

SC

spring, early summer

softwood or semi-ripe, shrubby sp.

Balsamorhiza sp.

Balsam Root

S

 

do not disturb taproot

Bambusa sp.

Bamboo

D

spring

 

Baptisia sp.

False Indigo

TC

 

 

 

 

S

summer

see Alcea

 

 

D

late fall, early spring

water divisions well, difficult

 

 

SC

summer

soft, after bloom, hormone helps

B.'Purple Smoke'

 

SC

 

late softwood to semi-hardwood terminal; place vegetative bud beneath rooting medium

Barbarea sp.

Winter Cress

D

spring

 

 

 

S

spring

not cvs, 'Variegata'

 

 

SC

 

 

Batrachium: see Ranunculus

 

 

 

 

Begonia grandis

 

S

 

common in Europe

 

 

SC

summer

 

 

 

D

winter

bulbils

 

fibrous-rooted begonia (Wax, Christmas)

LC, SC

spring or summer

cytokinin PBA most effective for LC

 

Rhizomatous (Rex,...)

D, SC

 

rhizome cutting

 

 

LC

 

cytokinin helps

 

Tuberous

S

 

 

 

 

SC

 

divide tuberous stems into sections w/ at least one node

 

 

LC, L bud, SC

 

 

 

 

TC

 

 

Begonia hiemalis

 

SC

 

tip cuttings, 2 weeks on bottom heat, minimal light

Belamcanda chinensis

Blackberry Lily

D

 

while dormant

 

 

D

spring, fall

like German Iris

 

 

S

spring

flowers 2nd year

Bellevalia sp.

 

S

 

use fresh

 

 

D

 

offsets

Bellis sp.

Daisy

S

 

common, flw 2nd year

 

 

D

spring, fall

for cvs

Bellium sp.

 

D

 

preferred

 

 

S

 

 

Berardia subacaulis

 

S

 

 

Bergenia sp.

Heartleaf Saxifrage

TC

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

 

RC

spring

or basal

 

 

D

early spring, fall

clumps of rhizomes

Berkheya sp.

 

S

 

 

 

 

D

 

difficult

Berlandiera lyrata

Green Eyes

S

 

 

Beschorneria sp.

 

D

 

2 yr old offsets

 

 

S

 

sow fresh, slow

Bessera sp.

Coral Drops

S

 

 

 

 

D

 

corm offsets

Besseya sp.

Kitten Tails

S

 

as Synthyris

Beta vulgaris

Beet

S

early spring

 

Betonica: see Stachys

 

 

 

 

Biarum sp.

 

S, D

 

 

Biebersteinia sp.

 

S

spring

 

 

 

SC

early summer

 

 

 

D

 

difficult

Biscutella sp.

 

S

 

difficult to transplant

Bistorta:  see Polygonum

 

 

 

 

Blandfordia sp.

Christmas Bells

D

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

Blechnum sp.

Hard Fern

D

 

rhizomes, and stolons some sp.

 

 

S

 

spores

Bletia sp.

 

D

 

 

Bletilla sp.

 

D

spring

 

 

 

S

 

difficult, slow

Boltonia asteroides

False Chamomile

S

 

some cvs un-uniform

 

 

D

spring, fall

 

 

 

SC

late spring

before budding, easy, tips

Bongardia chrysogonum

 

S

fall

as Leontice

Borago pygmaea (laxiflora)

Perennial Borage

D

spring

 

 

 

S

fall

 

 

 

SC

summer

 

Borderea pyrenaica

 

S

 

as Dioscorea

Bornmuellera sp.

 

S

 

as Ptilotrichum

 

 

SC, D

 

 

Bouteloua sp.

Gramma Grass

D

spring

 

 

 

S

 

 

Bouvardia ternifolia

Scarlet bouvardia

SC

 

hardwood

Boykinia sp.

 

D,S

spring

 

Brachycome sp.

Swan River Daisy

S, D, SC

 

 

Brachypodium sp.

False Brome

D

spring

 

 

 

S

 

 

Brauneria: see Echinacea

 

 

 

 

Brevoortia (Brodiaea): see Dichelostemma

 

 

 

 

Briggsia sp.

 

S, D

 

 

 

 

LC

 

new growth

Brimeura sp.

 

S

 

ripe

 

 

D

fall

bulbils

Briza sp.

Quaking Grass

D

spring

 

 

 

S

 

 

Brodiaea sp. (Triteleia)

 

S, D, TC

 

D of cormels

Bromus sp.

Brome

S

 

 

Brunella: see Prunella

 

 

 

 

Brunnera macrophylla

Siberian Bugloss

S

late summer

not variegated types, ripe

 

 

RC

early spring

 

 

 

D

spring, late summer

variegated forms

 

 

C

 

use heel cuttings

Bryonia sp.

Bryony

S

 

invasive, poisonous

Buglossoides sp.

 

S, D

 

 

 

 

SC

 

semisoft, preferred method

Bulbinella sp.

 

S, D

 

 

Bulbocodium sp.

Spring Meadow Saffron

D

summer

older clumps, like Colchicum

 

 

S

summer

sow fresh

B. vernum

 

S

 

sow fresh

Buphthalmum salicifolium

Ox Eye

D

early spring

or after flw, invasive

 

 

S

 

 

Bupleurum sp.

Thoroughwax

S

 

 

 

 

D

 

alkaline soil

Butomus umbellatus

Flowering Rush

D

spring

keep wet, also root bulbils

 

 

S

 

sow fresh, keep wet

 


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