Perry's Perennial Pages

Propagation Methods for Herbaceous Perennials--D

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I, J, K | L | M | N, O | P | R | S | T | U,V,W, X,Y,Z

The following table contains temperate and sub-tropical (to USDA zone 9) herbaceous genera and species. Some may be quite rare and only found on a continent or country such as Australia or South Africa. Due to variations in references, some may contain more than one comment or time period for a method.

Methods of Propagation:
S = seed LC = leaf cutting
SC = stem cutting L = layering
RC = root cutting TC = tissue culture or micropropagation
D = division

This table is an updated and expanded version of the printed version which can be found in the NRAES book by Dr. Leonard Perry, Herbaceous Perennial Production.  Appreciation is expressed to Andrea Luchini, graduate assistant, for most of this update.


Scientific Name

Common Name

Methods of Propagation

Time Period

Comments/Requirements

Dactylis glomerata

Orchard Grass

D

 

 

Dactylorchis: see Dactylorhiza

 

 

 

 

Dactylorhiza (Orchis) sp.

 

D

 

 

 

 

S

 

sow fresh

Dahlia hybrids

Dahlia

SC

early spring

basal, commercially

 

 

S

early spring

 

 

 

D

 

dig plants in fall, store covered with soil or vermiculite at 30-50F, when sprouts begin to appear, divide clumps so each root section has 1-2 buds then plant

 

 

TC

 

recover disease free plants

 

 

D

 

of tubers

 

 

RC

 

basal or of tubers

Dalea sp.

Indigo Bush

S

 

 

Darlingtonia californica

Cobra Lily

S

 

sphagnum medium

Darmera (Peltiphyllum) peltata

Umbrella Plant

D

early spring

 

 

 

S

spring

hybrids likely

Datisca cannabina

 

S

 

 

 

 

D

 

established plants

Davallia sp.

Hare's Foot Fern

D

 

rooted rhizome pieces

 

 

S

 

spores

Decodon verticillatus

Water Willow

S, D

 

 

 

 

SC

 

roots easily in water

Dedronella: see Meehania

 

 

 

 

Degenia velebitica

 

S

 

 

Deinanathe sp.

 

D

 

 

 

 

S

 

ripe, fresh

Delosperma sp.

 

SC

late summer, fall

sandy mix, bottom heat

 

 

S

 

 

Delphinium sp.

Larkspur

RC

 

 

 

 

TC

 

 

 

 

S

 

store at low temp and moisture; see Alcea; fresh seed (<1 yr), species only

 

 

SC

spring

basal, solid stems

 

 

D

early summer

cvs, may be difficult

Dennstaedtia punctilobula

Hay-Scented Fern

D

 

 

 

 

S

 

spores

Dentaria: see Cardamine

 

 

 

 

Derwentia (Parahebe) perfoliata

 

D

spring

 

Deschampsia sp.

Hair Grass

D

 

 

 

 

S

 

variable

Desmodium canadense

Beggarweed

S

 

transplant early

Dianthus sp.

Pinks

TC

 

recover disease free plants; use shoot tip explants or petal explants

 

 

S

 

usual method

 

 

D

spring-summer

some sp. difficult

 

 

SC

spring-summer

non-flw stems; avoid heat; hormone not needed for soft, early growth

D. barbatus

Sweet William

S, C, D

 

 

D. chinensis, D. plumarius

Garden Pinks

S,SC,L,D

 

 

D.gratinanopolitanus

Chedder Pinks

S, SC,D

 

 

Diarrhena japonica

 

S, D

 

 

Diascia sp.

Twinspur

D

spring

 

 

 

SC

summer

 

 

 

S

early spring, fall

 

Dicentra sp.

Bleeding Heart

S

late summer, fall

or chilling strat.

 

 

S

spring

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

corms fall

 

 

D

summer

preferred method, 2-3 or 3-5 eyes per

 

 

RC

 

after flowering; 3 in. from large roots

 

 

RC

Oct.

 

 

 

SC

spring

thin, after flw; slow, difficult

D. cucullaria

 

D

early spring

 

D. eximia, formosa

 

D

spring

 

D. spectabilis

 

D

winter

taproot so use care

 

 

S

 

sow fresh

D. macrantha

 

S,D

 

 

Dichelostemma (Brevoortia) sp.

 

D

 

bulbils, offsets

 

 

S

 

2-3 years to flower

Dicranostigma sp.

 

S

 

 

Dictamnus sp.

Gas Plant

TC

 

shoot explants (leaves can cause dermatitis)

 

 

D

spring, fall

difficult, old clumps

 

 

S

spring

usual method, also difficult

 

 

RC

 

clean cuts

Didissandra: see Corallodiscus

 

 

 

 

Dielytria: see Dicentra

 

 

 

 

Dierama sp.

Wand Flower

S

spring, fall

 

 

 

D

spring

 

Digitalis sp.

Foxglove

S

 

see Alcea; usual method

 

 

D

spring

 

Dionaea muscipula

Venus flytrap

TC

 

leaves, adventitious buds, peduncle explants

Dionysia sp.

 

SC

summer

tiny shoots, difficult

 

 

S

 

some sp.

Diopogon: see Jovibarba

 

 

 

 

Dioscorea sp.

Yam

S

spring

 

 

 

D

 

dormant tubers

Diosphaera: see Trachelium

 

 

 

 

Dipcadi sp.

Brown Bells

S

 

 

Diphylleia cymosa

Umbrella Leaf

D

spring

 

 

 

S

 

sow fresh

Diplarrhena sp.

 

D

 

also from aerial plantlets

 

 

S

 

 

Diplazium sp.

 

S

 

spores

D. proliferum

 

D

 

bulbils

Dipsacus sp.

Teasel

S

spring, fall

sow direct, self sows

Disporum sp.

Fairy Bells

D

spring

as Tricyrtis

 

 

S

 

 

Dodecatheon sp.

Shooting Star

D

 

dormant

 

 

D

spring, summer

 

 

 

RC

Aug.-early winter

each piece with dormant bud

 

 

S

 

ripe

 

 

SC

fall

 

Doronicum sp.

Leopard's Bane

S

 

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

after blooming

Dorycnium sp.

 

SC

summer

bottom heat

 

 

S

fall

variable seedlings

 

 

D

 

 

Doryopteris sp.

 

S

 

spores

 

 

D

 

crowns, occasional leaf bulbils

Douglasia sp.

 

S

late spring

ripe

 

 

D

 

use care

Draba sp.

 

S

spring, fall

sow fresh or stratify

 

 

D

spring

base cuttings

 

 

SC

summer

soft

Dracocephalum sp.

Dragonhead

S

 

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

 

 

 

SC

spring

basal, young growth

Dracunculus sp.

Dragon Arum

S

 

sow fresh, remove pulp

 

 

D

 

after flw

 

 

D

fall

bulbils (tubercles)

Drapetes sp.

 

S, D

 

 

 

 

SC

spring

softwood

Drepanostachyum

Bamboo

D

 

 

Drosera sp.

Sundew

TC

 

easy, leaves as explants

 

 

S

 

 

 

 

RC

 

fleshy-rooted sp.

 

 

LC

 

non tuber forming varieties, use IBA

D. gemmae

 

LC

 

 

Dryas sp.

Mountain Avens

S

 

ripe

 

 

SC

 

heel, semi-ripe, stick flat

 

 

D

 

rooted stems

Dryopteris sp.

Wood, Shield Fern

S

 

spores

 

 

D

 

sprouts, some sp.

Drypis spinosa

 

SC

 

 

 

 

S

early spring

sandy mix

Duchesnea sp.

Indian Strawberry

S

early spring

 

 

 

L

summer

remove rooted runners


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