Perry's Perennial Pages

Propagation Methods for Herbaceous Perennials--E

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I, J, K | L | M | N, O | P | R | S | T | U,V,W, X,Y,Z

The following table contains temperate and sub-tropical (to USDA zone 9) herbaceous genera and species. Some may be quite rare and only found on a continent or country such as Australia or South Africa. Due to variations in references, some may contain more than one comment or time period for a method.

Methods of Propagation:
S = seed LC = leaf cutting
SC = stem cutting L = layering
RC = root cutting TC = tissue culture or micropropagation
D = division

This table is an updated and expanded version of the printed version which can be found in the NRAES book by Dr. Leonard Perry, Herbaceous Perennial Production.  Appreciation is expressed to Andrea Luchini, graduate assistant, for most of this update.


Scientific Name

Common Name

Methods of Propagation

Time Period

Comments/Requirements

Eccremocarpus sp.

Glory Flower

S

spring

indoors

 

 

S

late summer

overwinter 40-45F

 

 

SC

early summer

leaf bud, soft tip

Echinacea sp.

Cone Flower

S

late summer

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

 

 

 

RC

summer, fall

 

 

 

SC

spring

basal

Echinodorus sp.

Burhead

D

spring

as Alisma

 

 

S

 

ripe, keep wet

Echinops sp.

Globethistle

S

 

species

 

 

D

spring, fall

may be difficult

 

 

RC

winter

 

Echioides: see Arnebia

 

 

 

 

Echium sp.

Viper's Bugloss

S

 

 

 

 

SC

summer

semi-ripe lateral shoots

Edraianthus sp.

Grassy Bells

S

spring

 

 

 

SC

early summer

from side shoots

 

 

D

 

 

Egeria (Elodea) sp.

 

SC

spring

submerge in gravel or sand

Eichhornia sp.

Water Hyacinth

D

 

young plants on runners

Eleocharis sp.

Spike Rush

D

 

washed sand in water

Elisma: see Luronium

 

 

 

 

Elmera (Heuchera) racemosa

 

S

spring

 

 

 

LC

fall

 

 

 

SC

 

 

 

 

D

spring, early fall

 

Elodea sp.

Pondweed

SC

spring

submerge in gravel or sand

Elymus sp.

Lyme Grass

D

spring

invasive

 

 

S

 

 

Encelia sp.

 

S

 

transplant early

 

 

SC

 

do not overwater

Endymion: see Hyacinthoides

 

 

 

 

Eomecon chionantha

Snow Poppy

S

spring

sow fresh, plant in spring

 

 

RC

early fall

 

 

 

D

early fall

 

Epigaea sp.

Trailing Arbutus

S

 

 

 

 

SC

summer, fall

semi-ripe or hardwood

 

 

TC

 

deep pink forms

 

 

L

summer

 

Epilobium sp.

Willow Herb

S

spring

 

 

 

D

summer

rooted runners

 

 

SC

spring, fall

alpine sp.

Epimedium sp.

Barrenwort

D

Aug.

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

usual method, after flw

 

 

S

fall, spring

not for hybrids

 

 

RC

late winter

rhizomes

Epipactis sp.

Helleborine

D

 

stolons, use care

Epiphyllum sp.

Leaf-flowering cactus

S

 

store for 6-12 mos. in warm

 

 

LC

 

easy (of modified stems called phyllocades)

 

 

graft

 

to Opuntia

 

 

TC

 

 

Epipremnum aureum

Golden pothos

LC

 

single-node, leaf-bud cuttings with light (2,000 ft-c) and bottom heat

 

 

 

 

maintain juvenile at 4-5 nodes and 3cm internodes; keep piece of old aerial root on cuttings

Equisetum sp.

Horsetail

D

 

rooted offshoots, invasive

 

 

S

 

spores, difficult

Eragrostis sp.

Love Grass

D, S

 

 

Eranthis sp.

Winter Aconite

D

summer

of tuberous rhizomes, do not allow to dry out

 

 

S

 

sow fresh

Eremurus sp.

Foxtail Lily

D

early fall

of crown, use care

 

 

S

fall

ripe, years to flower

E. bungei

 

S

 

dry store for 2 months at 86F

 

 

D

 

of tuberous roots

Erianthus: see Saccharum

 

 

 

 

Erigenia bulbosa

Harbinger-of-Spring

S

 

sow fresh

 

 

D

 

of tuberous clumps

Erigeron sp.

Fleabane

S

 

species

 

 

SC

spring

basal

 

 

D

spring, fall

of clumps, cvs

Erinacea anthyllis

 

S

 

 

 

 

SC

early fall

heel

Erinus alpinus

Alpine Balsam

S

 

many cultivars also

 

 

SC

spring

gritty mix

 

 

D

 

 

Eriogonum sp.

Wild Buckwheat

S

fall, spring

ripe, may self sow

 

 

D

early spring

 

 

 

SC

summer

heeled greenwood

Eriophorum sp.

Cotton Grass

D

 

as Carex

 

 

S

 

wet, peaty soil

Eriophyllum sp.

Woolly Sunflower

S

fall

sandy mix, fresh best

 

 

D

spring

 

 

 

SC

 

 

Eritrichium sp.

Alpine Forget-Me-Not

S

 

difficult

 

 

SC

summer

softwood

Erodium sp.

Storksbill

S

 

sow fresh

 

 

S

spring

hybridizes, some sp. dioecious

 

 

D

spring

 

 

 

SC

early summer

basal

E. reichardii

 

RC

spring

 

Eryngium sp.

Sea Holly

S

 

must be fresh

 

 

RC

early spring

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

also basal plantlets, use care, difficult

E. alpinum

 

S

 

sow fresh

Erysimum sp.

Wallflower

S

early summer

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

 

 

 

SC

summer, fall

after flow, heel

Erysium: see Barbarea

 

 

 

 

Erythraea: see Centaurium

 

 

 

 

Erythronium sp.

Trout Lily

S

 

ripe

 

 

D

late summer

offsets, some sp.

Eucomis sp.

Pineapple Lily

D

 

of bulb offsets

 

 

S

 

 

 

 

twin scaling

 

 

Eulalia: see Miscanthus

 

 

 

 

Eunomia: see Aethionema

 

 

 

 

Eupatorium sp.

Boneset

S

 

uniformity varies with season

 

 

D

spring, fall

 

 

 

SC

summer

tip of non-flw shoots, usual method

Euphorbia sp.

Spurge

D

spring, fall

easy, not of old/woody centers

 

 

TC

 

in-vitro from stem explants

 

 

SC

spring

terminal before budding

 

 

SC

summer

semi-mature after flw, warm water 15 min. before sticking

 

 

SC

 

must seal cut right away, can cause irritation

 

 

S

 

see Alcea

E. griffithii, sikkimensis

 

D

spring, fall

 

E. polychroma, palustris

 

D

 

discard woody centers

E. palustris

 

SC

 

tip

E. griffithii

 

SC

 

lateral

Euryops sp.

 

S

 

self sows

 

 

SC

early summer

soft or semi-ripe with heel

Euthamia: see Solidago

 

 

 

 

Exacum affine

Persian violet

S

 

 

 

 

SC

 

bottom heat (70F)

 

 

TC

 

 


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