Perry's Perennial Pages

Propagation Methods for Herbaceous Perennials--M

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I, J, K | L | M | N, O | P | R | S | T | U,V,W, X,Y,Z

The following table contains temperate and sub-tropical (to USDA zone 9) herbaceous genera and species. Some may be quite rare and only found on a continent or country such as Australia or South Africa. Due to variations in references, some may contain more than one comment or time period for a method.

Methods of Propagation:
S = seed LC = leaf cutting
SC = stem cutting L = layering
RC = root cutting TC = tissue culture or micropropagation
D = division

This table is an updated and expanded version of the printed version which can be found in the NRAES book by Dr. Leonard Perry, Herbaceous Perennial Production.  Appreciation is expressed to Andrea Luchini, graduate assistant, for most of this update.


Scientific Name

Common Name

Methods of Propagation

Time Period

Comments/Requirements

Macleaya (Bocconia) sp.

Plume Poppy

RC

winter

 

 

 

 

D

early spring

suckers, or while dormant

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

SC

spring

basal

 

Macrochloa: see Stipa

 

 

 

 

 

Maianthemum sp.

Canada Mayflower

D

 

 

 

 

 

S

 

humus soil

 

M. stellatum (Smilacina stellata)

Starry False Solomonís Seal

RC

late June (after flw)

rhizome cuttings - 20cm

 

Majorana: see Origanum

 

 

 

 

 

Malva sp.

Mallow

S

 

may self sow

 

 

 

SC

spring

tip, before budding

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

difficult

 

Malvastrum (Sphaeralcea) sp.

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

SC

 

softwood, bottom heat

 

M. coccineum

 

D

 

 

 

Mandragora sp.

Mandrake

S

spring

or when ripe

 

 

 

RC

winter

taproot

 

Manfreda sp.

 

S

 

slow

 

 

 

D

 

offsets, bulbils

 

Maranta leuconeura

Prayer Plant

SC

 

humidity tent

 

Marrubium sp.

Horehound

S

late spring

erratic

 

 

 

SC

spring

new growth

 

 

 

L, D

 

 

 

Marshallia

 

D

 

 

 

Marsilea sp.

Pepperwort

SC

spring

of rhizomes

 

 

 

D

 

wet soil

 

 

 

S

 

spores (abrade sporocarps)

 

Matricaria sp.

Matricary

SC

fall

of side shoots

 

 

 

D

fall, spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Matteuccia sp.

Ostrich Fern

S

 

spores

 

 

 

D

 

side crowns some sp.

 

 

 

SC

 

stolons

 

Matthiola fruticulosa

Stock

S, D

 

 

 

Mazus sp.

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

runners

 

Meconopsis sp.

Asiatic Poppy

S

late summer

ripe, slow in spring

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

after flw, some sp.

 

M. betonicifolia, grandis, quintuplinervia, punicea, simplicifolia

 

S

 

sow fresh; other species need cold store

 

Meehania sp.

Japanese Dead Nettle

D

 

rhizomes, rooted stolons

 

 

 

S, SC

 

 

 

M. cordata

Meehan's mint

SC

 

rooting hormone helps, bottom heat not necessary

 

Megasea: see Bergenia

 

 

 

 

 

Melandrium: see Silene

 

 

 

 

 

Melanthium sp.

Bunchflower

D

 

difficult, as Veratrum

 

 

 

S

 

sow ripe

 

Melica sp.

Melic

D

spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Melissa officinalis

Lemon Balm

S

 

self sows, slow

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

basal shoots

 

 

 

SC

 

 

 

Melittis melissophyllum

Bastard Balm

SC

spring

basal

 

 

 

D

spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Mentha sp.

Mint

D, SC

 

 

 

 

 

RC

 

invasive, rhizomes

 

M. pulegium, M. requienii

 

S

 

may self sow, hybridizes, some infertile

 

Menyanthes trifoliata

Marsh Trefoil

D

late spring

 

 

 

 

RC

summer

rhizomes, wet soil

 

Mercurialis perennis

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

SC

 

stolons, invasive, shade

 

Merendera sp.

 

S

summer

spring flw sp., moist in spring, dry in summer

 

 

 

S

spring

fall flw sp.

 

Mertensia sp.

Bluebells

D

spring, fall

use care, fall after foliage best

 

 

 

SC

 

 

 

M. maritima

 

S

summer

shade

 

Mesembryanthemum: see Delosperma

 

 

 

 

 

Meum athamanticum

Baldmoney

D

 

difficult

 

 

 

S

 

sow fresh

 

Michauxia campanuloides

 

S

spring

sow direct

 

Microderis: see Leontodon

 

 

 

 

 

Microglossa: see Aster albescens

 

 

 

 

 

Micromeria sp.

Savory

S

 

may self sow

 

 

 

SC

summer

softwood and semi-ripe

 

Microseris: see Leontodon

 

 

 

 

 

Milium effusum

Wood Millet

S

 

may hybridize, self sows

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

Milla biflora

Mexican Star

S

spring

as Ipheion

 

 

 

D

late summer

offsets, for varieties

 

Milla uniflora: see Ipheion uniflorum

 

 

 

 

 

Mimulus sp.

Monkey Flower

S

spring

or sow direct

 

 

 

D

spring

 

 

 

 

SC

spring, summer

softwood

 

 

 

SC

late summer

shrubby sp., semi-ripe

 

Mindium: see Michauxia

 

 

 

 

 

Minuartia sp.

Sandwort

S

spring

 

 

 

 

D

 

after flw

 

 

 

SC

summer

cvs, greenwood

 

Miscanthus sp.

Eulalia

TC

 

 

 

 

 

D

spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

indoors in cool climates

 

Mitchella sp.

Partridge Berry

D

spring

rooted stems, acid soil, shade

 

 

 

S

 

slow, remove from berry

 

Mitella sp.

Bishop's Cap, Mitrewort

D

 

rhizomes or stolons

 

 

 

S

 

may self sow

 

Moehringia muscosa

Sandwort

S

early spring

 

 

 

 

D

fall

lime and humus soil

 

Molinia sp.

Moor Grass

D

early spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

cold to germinate

 

Molopospermum peloponnesiacum

 

S

 

sow fresh

 

Moltkia sp.

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

SC

 

lime soil

 

M. doerfleri

 

D

 

 

 

Monarda sp.

Bee Balm

D

spring, fall

crown

 

 

 

S

 

species only

 

 

 

SC

spring, fall

prior to budding, basal fall-winter

 

Moneses uniflora

Wood Nymph

D

spring

use care, as Pyrola

 

Monstera deliciosa

Cut-leaf Philodendron

SC, L, S

 

air layer

 

Montbretia: see Crocosmia

 

 

 

 

 

Montia (Claytonia) sp.

Miner's Lettuce

D

 

 

 

 

 

S

 

self sows

 

Moraea sp.

Butterfly Iris

S

spring

summer flw sp.

 

 

 

D

fall

winter flw sp.

 

Moricandia arvensis

Violet Cabbage

S

 

 

 

Morina sp.

Whorl Flower

S

 

ripe, sow direct

 

 

 

RC

 

large and thick, well-drained mix

 

 

 

D

 

risky, taproot, slow

 

Morisia monanthos

 

S

fall

 

 

 

 

RC

winter

sandy soil, keep dry

 

Muehlenbeckia sp.

Wire Plant

S

 

 

 

 

 

SC

summer

move when well-rooted

 

M. axillaris

 

D

 

 

 

Muhlenbergia sp.

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

RC

 

rhizomes, invasive

 

Mukdenia (Aceriphyllum) rossii

 

D

 

as Heuchera

 

 

 

S

 

self-sterile

 

Muscari sp.

Grape Hyacinth

D

 

bulb scooping and scoring help produce offsets

 

 

 

D

late summer

bulb clusters

 

 

 

TC

 

leaves, scales, flower parts

 

 

 

S

late spring

sow fresh, ripe

 

Mussaenda sp.

 

SC, TC

 

 

 

Myosotidium hortensia

 

S

fall

 

 

 

 

D

 

difficult, taproot, use care

 

Myosotis sp.

Forget-Me-Not

S

 

 

 

 

 

SC

spring, summer

 

 

 

 

D

spring, early fall

 

 

Myriophyllum sp.

Milfoil

SC

 

wet soil, invasive

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

Myrrhis odorata

Myrrh, Sweet Cicely

S

 

ripe, self sows

 

 

 

D

 

use care

 

 

 

RC

spring, fall

 

 


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