Perry's Perennial Pages

Propagation Methods for Herbaceous Perennials--T

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I, J, K | L | M | N, O | P | R | S | T | U,V,W, X,Y,Z

The following table contains temperate and sub-tropical (to USDA zone 9) herbaceous genera and species. Some may be quite rare and only found on a continent or country such as Australia or South Africa. Due to variations in references, some may contain more than one comment or time period for a method.

Methods of Propagation:
S = seed LC = leaf cutting
SC = stem cutting L = layering
RC = root cutting TC = tissue culture or micropropagation
D = division

This table is an updated and expanded version of the printed version which can be found in the NRAES book by Dr. Leonard Perry, Herbaceous Perennial Production.  Appreciation is expressed to Andrea Luchini, graduate assistant, for most of this update.


Scientific Name

Common Name

Methods of Propagation

Time Period

Comments/Requirements

Talinum sp.

Fameflower

S, D, SC

 

 

 

Tamus communis

 

D, S

 

 

 

Tanacetum (Pyrethrum) sp.

Tansy

S

 

 

 

 

 

D

spring, early fall

 

 

 

 

SC

spring

basal

 

 

 

SC

summer

softwood, with heel, alpines

 

Tanakaea radicans

 

D

 

rooted runners

 

Taraxacum sp.

Dandelion

S

 

 

 

 

 

RC

 

 

 

Telekia sp.

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

difficult for T. speciosissima

 

Tellima grandiflora

Fringe Cups

S

spring

 

 

 

 

D

fall

 

 

 

 

SC

 

 

 

Tephrosia sp.

Hoary Pea

SC

 

semi-ripe, heel, lateral shoots

 

 

 

RC, S

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

remove suckers

 

Tetragonolobus: see Lotus

 

 

 

 

 

Teucrium sp.

Germander

SC

 

high humidity, young tips, avoid excess water

 

 

 

S

 

species only

 

 

 

D

spring

may be difficult

 

Thalia sp.

 

S

spring

 

 

 

 

D

summer

 

 

Thalictrum sp.

Meadow Rue

D

spring, fall

 

 

 

 

D

early spring

may be difficult

 

 

 

S

summer, fall

 

 

T. delavayi 'Hewitt's Double'

 

D

spring

lift rootstock and cut vertically

 

Thamnocalamus sp.

Bamboo

D

 

 

 

Thelypteris sp.

Marsh Fern

D

 

 

 

 

 

S

late summer

spores

 

Themeda triandra

 

D

spring

as Chloris

 

Thermopsis sp.

False Lupine

S

 

faster

 

 

 

D

 

may be difficult

 

 

 

SC

summer

 

 

Thladiantha sp.

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

tubers may be invasive

 

Thlaspi sp.

Pennycress

S

 

 

 

 

 

D

fall

use care

 

 

 

SC

 

some sp.

 

Thymus sp.

Thyme

TC

 

 

 

 

 

S

spring

 

 

 

 

D

spring

 

 

 

 

SC

spring, summer

semi-ripe, heel

 

 

 

L

 

 

 

Tiarella sp.

False Mitrewort

S, TC

 

 

 

 

 

D

summer

after flw

 

 

 

SC

 

avoid high temps

 

T. cordifolia

Foamflower

TC

 

shoot explants

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Tithymalopsis: see Euphorbia

 

 

 

 

 

Tofieldia sp.

False Asphodel

D

 

rhizomes

 

 

 

S

 

use native soil

 

Tolmiea menziesii

Piggyback Plant

D

 

plantlets on leaves

 

Tommasinia: see Peucedanum

 

 

 

 

 

Tonestus sp.

 

S

 

as Townsendia

 

Tormentilla: see Potentilla

 

 

 

 

 

Tovara: see Persicaria

 

 

 

 

 

Townsendia sp.

 

S

 

ripe, sandy mix, avoid disturbing taproot

 

Trachelium sp.

Throatwort

S

 

 

 

 

 

SC

spring

bottom heat

 

Trachomitum: see Apocynum

 

 

 

 

 

Trachystemon orientalis

 

D

fall, spring

as Brunnera

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Tradescantia sp.

Spiderwort

S

 

hard to find, hybridizes

 

 

 

SC

summer

quick, easy

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

non-flw best

 

Tragopogon sp.

Goat's Beard, Salsify

S

 

 

 

Trapa natans

Water Chestnut

S

 

must keep seeds moist

 

Trautvetteria sp.

False Bugbane

D

 

 

 

Trichophorum:  see Eleocharis

 

 

 

 

 

Trichosanthes kirilowii

Snake Gourd

S

 

bottom heat

 

 

 

SC

 

softwood, if no seeds

 

Tricyrtis sp.

Toad Lily

D

early spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

best sown fresh

 

 

 

SC

 

when not flw

 

T. latifolia

 

SC

 

will root even when flowering

 

Trientalis sp.

Wintergreen

S

spring

very acid mix, slow

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

best method but difficult

 

Trifolium sp.

Clover

S

 

species only

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

Trillium sp.

Wake Robin, Wood Lily

 

 

notch rhizome behind apical shoot bud to induce new buds near wound, separated with rhizome after 1 year

 

 

 

S

 

sow outside, cleaned, fresh, 5 yrs to flower

 

 

 

D

 

difficult, after foliage gone

 

Triosteum sp.

Horse Gentian

D

spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

may self sow

 

Tripleurospermum (Matricaria) sp.

Scentless False Chamomile

S

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

not cvs, as Chamaemelum

 

Tripsacum dactyloides

Eastern Gamagrass

D

spring

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Tripterocalyx: see Abronia

 

 

 

 

 

Trisetum flavescens

 

S

 

naturalizes

 

Triteleia sp.

 

S

 

species

 

 

 

D

 

cormlets, as Brodiaea

 

Tritoma: see Kniphofia

 

 

 

 

 

Tritonia sp.

Montbretia

D

 

cormlets, as Gladiolus

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Trollius sp.

Globe Flower

S

 

species only, slow

 

 

 

RC

 

 

 

 

 

D

spring, fall

cvs, spring best

 

Tropaeolum sp.

Nasturtium

S

 

slow, difficult some sp.

 

 

 

D

 

of tubers

 

 

 

SC

 

of long stems

 

Tulipa sp.

Tulip

D

 

bulb offsets

 

 

 

S

 

species only

 

Tunica: see Petrorhagia

 

 

 

 

 

Tussilago farfara

Coltsfoot

S

 

 

 

 

 

D, RC

 

 

 

Tweedia (Oxypetalum) caerulea

 

S

 

 

 

Typha sp.

Bullrush

D

 

 

 

 

 

S

 

keeps seeds moist to wet

 


Return to:  top | Perry's Perennial Pages