of Vermont Extension System
Department of Plant and Soil Science
Herbaceous Perennial Container Production
Leonard P. Perry, Extension Professor
--wholesale: pot size varies with buyer
What is the market? Who are the buyers?
--landscapers: larger plants usually
--consumers: smaller plants usually (varies with
market), service, information, price? (price conscious best left to mass
--collectors: unusual, specific groups/genera
--retail: people oriented, less production, more finished
What type of business do you want? Have?
--wholesale: more plant oriented, propagation/production/both
--diverse with other aspects (landscaping): production
for own use, or if retail, or not depending on focus
This will depend on: type of business (available time), labor
When will the plants be grown and sold?
This will determine: type of production, if any
Space for production, in greenhouse or nursery?
Climate, such as overwintering needs in north
Relation to market, wholesale or retail
Types of Production—Field
Types of Production—Containers
More used in past, specialty markets such as dig-your-own or custom dug,
Good for larger materials such as landscaping
Preferred by many growers for crops such as daylilies, peonies
Bare root production
Greenhouse or Nursery?
--if exists already, production system focus for potted crops and bedding
Easier to handle than field, less labor, more adaptable to mechanization
More control over culture, pests/disease, weeds
Available all during season
Greenhouse or nursery
--propagation, more demanding crops
--if no greenhouse, less structural costs
--if greenhouse space for higher value crops
--less demanding crops
Production begins with:
(more details in propagation leaflets, resources)
Plugs: small plants, 30-300 or more per tray, grown from seeds, usually
used with bedding and floricultural crops
Liners: basically same as plugs, often larger cells (30-70 per tray), often
vegetative, often used with woody plants
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts
of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the United States Department
of Agriculture. Lawrence Forcier, Director, UVM Extension System, Burlington,
Vermont. University of Vermont Extension System and U.S. Department of
Agriculture cooperating, offer education and employment to everyone, without
regard to race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability,
political beliefs, and marital or familial status.
Herbaceous Perennial Production, Perry, NRAES publ.
Ball Perennial Manual, Nau, Ball. Publ.
Ball Redbook, and other publications, Ball publ.
Plant Propagation, Hartmann/Kester/Davies
Seed catalogs, web sites
Perry’s Perennial Pages (http://www.uvm.edu/~pass/perry/)
Perennial Plant Association, 3383 Schirtzinger Rd, Hilliard OH 43026, www.perennialplant.org
Perry's Perennial Pages