Zinnia zinnia Purple Prince

(zin' knee-ah)

Common name: Zinnia

Family: Asteraceae, Aster

Height x width: 8"-3' x 6"-12"

Growth rate: fast

Foliage: opposite, rough hairy surfaces, ovate to elliptic, 1½-4" wide and 1-2" across

Flowers: single or double, 1"-6" wide, many colors ray flowers, disk flowers usually absent

Hardiness: annual

Soil: well-drained, tolerates dry

Light: sun

Pests and problems: powdery mildew on some cultivars, botrytis blight, root and stem rots, Japanese beetle, spider mites

Landscape habit, uses: borders, massing, containers, cut flowers, butterfly gardens

Other interest: native to Mexico; named after Johann Gottfried Zinn, an 18th century botanist; one or most popular and easiest annuals to grow

Other culture: remove old flowers (deadhead) for repeat and best bloom; does best when hot and low humidity

Propagation: seed (2,000-7,000 per ounce) sown direct or 2-3 weeks before planting out

Species:

angustifolia (an-gus-ti-fol' ee-ah)(linearis)--Narrow-leaved Zinnia, 12-15" tall, linear leaves to 2½" long and ¼" across, flowers to 1½" wide, usually at least white in series, tolerant to alternaria blight and powdery mildew (photo courtesy ext.nodak.edu, Todd Weinmann)

elegans (ell' e-gans)--Common zinnia, most common species of cultivars, generally grouped into dwarf (10-15" tall), medium (15"-24" tall) and tall (24"-36" tall); also classified according to flower type such as dahlia-flowered resembling a dahlia, or cactus-flowered with narrow, twisted petals; leaves lance-shaped, 3-5in. long

haageana (ha-gee-aa' nah)-- Mexican zinnia, native to Mexico, 18-24" tall, multicolor flowers to 2½" wide; leaves narrow to linear, 2-5in. long

x hybrida (hi-bri-dah')--hybrids of angustifolia and elegans, disease resistance of first and flower size and performance of the second

linearis:angustifolia
 

Cultivars:
 
Cultivars species flowers height, other
'Big Red' elegans red, 6" tall, 36"
Border Beauty series elegans dahlia-type, 3½" medium, 22"
'Burpee's Big Tetra Mix' elegans dahlia type, 6" tall, 30"
'Candy Cane Mix' elegans white/gold, red stripes,4" medium, 16-18"
'Chippendale' haageana red, gold tips, 2" medium, 24"
'Classic Golden Orange' angustifolia orange, 1½" dwarf, 10"
'Crystal White' angustifolia white dwarf, 4-5", AAS
Cut and Come Again series elegans mix, 2½" medium, 24"
'Dahlia-flowered Mix' elegans mix, 4-6" tall, 36"
Dasher series elegans 5 colors, 2½-3" dwarf, 10-12"
'Double Dwarf Mix' elegans 5 colors, double medium, 20"
Dreamland series elegans 6 colors, 4" dwarf, 10-12"
'Envy Double' elegans chartreuse green medium, 24"
'Giant Double Mix' elegans dahlia type, 4½" medium, 24"
'Giant Flowered Mix' elegans dahlia type, 5" tall, 30"
Lollipop series elegans double, 2½" dwarf, 10"
'Old Mexico' haageana yellow, red, dark red dwarf 10-12"
'Parasol Mix' elegans double mix dwarf, 10-12"
'Peppermint Stick Mix' elegans red striped, dahlia type medium, 24"
'Persian Carpet Mix' elegans bicolors, double, 2" dwarf, 15"
Peter Pan series elegans 9 colors, 2½-3" dwarf, 10-12"
Pinwheel series x hybrida rose, white, 3" dwarf, 10-12"
'Pulcino Mix' elegans mix, double dwarf, 12-15"
'Pumila Mix':'Cut and Come Again'      
Ruffles series elegans 4 colors, 3-3½" tall, 24-36", AAS
'Scabious Flowered' elegans 6 colors, crested form tall, 24-30"
Short Stuff series elegans 6 colors, double, 3-4" dwarf, 8"
Small World series elegans pink, cherry, 2" dwarf, 12-14", AAS
'Sombrero' haageana red center, yellow tip, 2" dwarf, 15"
Splendor series elegans 3 colors, double medium 20-24"
Star series angustifolia 3 colors, 2" dwarf, 10-12"
'State Fair Mix' elegans mix tall, 30-36"
'Sun Bow Mix' elegans mix, 1-1½" medium, 18-20"
'T&M Cactus Flowered' elegans mix, 5", cactus type tall, 24-36"
'Thumbelina' elegans mix, 1½-2" dwarf, 10"
'Tropical Snow' angustifolia white, 2" dwarf, 12-14"
'Whirligig Improved Mix' elegans bicolors, cactus type medium, 18-24"
Zenith series elegans cactus-type, 6" tall, 30"


©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part of PSS123 course.

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