Common name:Hyacinth, Dutch /Common/Garden Hyacinth
Family: asparagus family (Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, formerly listed in the lily family
Height x width: 6-10" x 3"
Growth rate: moderate to fast
Bulbs: rounded with point on top, outer scales flaky, outer color often reflective of flower color, generally 2" across and fairly uniform
Foliage: 3-4 basal, straplike leaves, margins upturned as in a boat keel, up to 1" wide and 10" long
Flowers: individual flowers 1" long with 6 spreading and reflexed perianth segments; extremely fragrant; 15-30 or more flowers per cylindrical raceme; many colors; spring.
Hardiness: hardy bulb, zones 3-7
Soil: well-drained, fertile; best growth in soil with organic matter and sand
Pests and problems: bacterial rot, viruses, aphids, nematodes although none serious
Landscape habit, uses: mass in formal borders or beds, containers, force indoors
Other interest:native to west and central Asia; named after Spartan youth of Greek mythology Hyakinthos who, when accidentally killed by god Apollo, had hyacinths spring up where his blood fell.
Other culture: flowers become smaller each year, lasting usually 3-5 years before discarding; graded by bulb size, the larger the number the larger the bulb and better flower although larger and more likely to need staking.
Propagation: bulblets from mother bulb which increase slowly, so should be purchased for fall planting; also bulblets form if mother bulb is cut ½" deep crosswise.
orientalis (or-ee-en-tal' iss)--only species of commerce,
2 other species in genus.
Cultivars: (of orientalis) those marked * are among the most commonly seen
|'Anna Marie'||light pink|
|'Blue Blazer'||violet blue|
|'Blue Giant'||light blue|
|*'Blue Jacket'||blue and purple|
|*'City of Haarlem'||yellow|
|*'Gypsy Queen'||salmon orange|
|'Jan Bos'||cherry red|
|*'Pink Pearl'||deep pink|
|'Pink Perfection'||medium pink|
|'Queen of the Whites'||white|
|'Rose of Naples'||blush pink, double|
|'Splendid Cornelia'||mauve violet, darker veins|
|'Violet Pearl'||lilac purple|
(cultivar photos courtesy commons.wikimedia.org)
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