Freesia x hybrida 

(free' zee-ah x hi' bri-dah)

Common name: Freesia

Family: Iridaceae, Iris

Flowers: range white, yellows, reds, oranges, purples, blues in somewhat arching spike; highly fragrant; flowering regulated by temperature, light intensity

Harvest: when first (lowermost) floret opens, 32-35ºF and 95% RH, can be held dry short term but not advised, ethylene sensitive

Foliage: iris-like lanceolate in fans

Growth habit, uses: cut, forced pot crop

Other interest: native of So. Africa; named for 19th century botanist Friedrich Freese

Production: corms planted directly in benches or flats in fall, or in pots, with corms just touching; equal parts soil, peat moss, perlite (sensitive to fluorides); 100 ppm N every other watering; 50-55ºF NT; delicate stems need staking or support; few pests include spider mites, aphids, fusarium wilt or leaf scorch from fluorides

Propagation: cormels, usually from purchased corms from Netherlands


Of the dozens of hybrids, the following are representative examples.
Cultivar flowers  
'Apollo' white  
'Aurora' light yellow  
'Ballerina' white, yellow  
'Blue Heaven' blue  
'Fantasy' ivory  
'Golden Melody' deep yellow  
'Golden Wave' yellow  
'Oberon' red  
'Red Lion' red  
'Rose Marie' pink  
'Royal Blue' blue  
'Silvia' purple, white spots  
'White Wings' white  

©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part of PSS121, Indoor Plants.

Return to  Perry's Perennial Pages | PSS121 course