(ka-lan' cho bloss-fell-dee-ah' nah)
Common name: Kalanchoe, Christmas Kalanchoe
Family: Crassulaceae, Stonecrop
Height x width: 6-12" x 6-9"
Foliage: 1-4" long and half as wide; succulent, thick, shiny and fleshy dark green; oblong ovate, margin crenate, opposite off main stem
Flowers: many bright colors including red, orange, pink, yellow; forced for winter bloom; flowers in terminal or lateral cymose panicles held high above foliage, each flower small with petals fused into a tube on lower half, upper half with flaring pointed lobes
Light: bright, sun
Temperature: warm, 60-75ºF
Watering: allow to dry between waterings
Soil: sandy, well-drained
Pests and Problems: root rots, mealybugs, mites
Growth habit, uses: flowering potted plant for fall and winter
Other interest: native to Madagascar; many other related species many forming plantlets on leaf margins
Other culture: requires a minimum 6 weeks of short days (14-16 hours darkness daily) to bloom, although short days until flowering is recommended (11-12 weeks) to keep plants shorter; low or high temperatures may delay bloom; water less while initiating darkness in fall, or during periods of slow winter growth; fertilize less during periods of less growth
Propagation: stem, tip or leaf cuttings, seeds (not cultivars), division
Most sold under this species are likely hybrids with other species including
and pumila. The following are a few representative or worthy selections.
|'Feuerball' ('Fire Ball')||fiery red||compact, small dark green leaves|
|'Melodie'||peach||compact, scalloped leaves|
|'Tom Thumb'||dark red, small||reddish foliage|
The Calandiva series is the latest, bred in Holland by Fides North America (based Costa Rica). Plants are dwarf, with rosebud flowers that can last 6 weeks. It is available in a range of colors.
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Perennial Pages | PSS121