Achillea yarrow

(a-kill' ee-ah)

Common name: Yarrow

Family: Asteraceae, Aster

Height x width:6-36" x 2-5'

Growth rate: moderate to fast

Foliage:green or gray-green, deeply divided like ferns, often with heavy spicy odor

Flowers: flat-topped corymbs, outer flowers female, inner flowers male and female, various colors

 (photo courtesy: sougriwa,

Hardiness: zones 3-5 to 8-9

Soil: most if well-drained

Light: sun

Pests and problems: beetles, mites

Landscape habit, uses: borders, containers, massing

Other interest: good for cut or dried flowers, cut when pollen is visible for best vase life; named after Achilles who supposedly used millefolium species for soldiers' wounds

Other culture: some species may be invasive (roots) in some situations except for clump-formers; in zones 7 and warmer plants may get spindly and need staking

Propagation: seeds, division, cuttings


filipendulina(phil-i-pen-du-lee' nah)--Fern-leaf Yarrow, zones 3-8, 3-5' x 3', flat yellow flowers 3-4" across in summer, foliage is generally green and deeply cut as in ferns, forms clumps

grandifolia(gran-di-fol' ee-ah)--White Yarrow, zones 5-8, 2-4' x 2', flat white flowers 3-4" across in summer, gray-green and lacey 9" leaves, clump-forming

millefolium(mill-i-fol' ee-um)--Common Yarrow, zones 3-9, 1-2' x 5', flat flowers white to cerise red, dark green deeply cut foliage, spreads 1-2' per year, used in medieval Europe as a toothache remedy and instead of hops in ale, variable from seed, hybrids with taygetea form Galaxy series

ptarmica(tar-mi-ka')--Sneezewort, zones 2-9, 1-2' x 1', white flowers in early summer, dark green linear non-dissected leaves, aggressive in good soils, leaves and roots made into a powder in Victorian England and used as substitute for snuff (hence the common name)

tomentosa(toe-men-toe' sah)--Wooly Yarrow, zones 3-7, 6-12" x 18", yellow flowers in early summer, hairy or "wooly" foliage deeply cut and light green, doesn't tolerate heat and humidity

Cultivars, other taxa species flowers other
'Altgold' filipendulina deep yellow 2' tall
'Apfelblute' (syn.) Galaxy hybrid peach, lilac-pink 2-3' tall
'Apricot Delight' hybrid pink Tutti Fruiti series
'Cerise Queen' millefolium cerise red 1-2' tall
'Cloth of Gold' filipendulina pure yellow 3-4' tall
'Coronation Gold' -- yellow gray-green foliage, 3' tall 
'Flowers of Sulphur':'Schwefelblute      
'Gold Plate' filipendulina deep yellow 3-5' tall
'Great Expectations' (syn.) Galaxy hybrid primrose yellow 2' tall
'Heidi' Galaxy hybrid pastel pink 1-2' tall
'Hoffnung':'Great Expectations'      
'Hope':'Great Expectations'      
'Moonshine' -- lemon yellow gray-green foliage, 1-2' 
'Parker's Variety' filipendulina golden yellow 3-4' tall
'Red Beauty' millefolium cerise red 2' tall
'Salmon Beauty' Galaxy hybrid salmon 2-3' tall
'Schwefelblute' (syn.) -- sulphur yellow slowly spreads, 2' tall
'Schwellenburg' -- lemon yellow silvery foliage, 1-2' tall
'Summer Pastels' millefolium pastels 2' tall, from seed
'The Beacon' Galaxy hybrid rich red, yellow centers 2-3' tall
'The Pearl' ptarmica white, double 2' tall
'Weser River Sandstone' millefolium deep rose-pink 2-3' tall

('Moonshine' photo courtesy tdhnurseries,

©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part of PSS123 course.

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