(si-core' ee-um in-tie' bus)
Common name: Chicory
Family: Asteraceae, Aster
Height x width: 1-4' x 1-2'
Growth rate: moderate
Foliage: basal 3-6" long resembling dandelion leaves; stem leaves smaller, oblong to lanceolate, clasping the stems
Flowers: dark blue ray flowers, square tipped and fringed, with no disk flowers, in heads to 1½" wide with several per stem, flowers are stalkless
Hardiness: zones 3-8
Soil: most, tolerates infertile and dry
Light: sun, part shade
Pests and Problems: none serious although it occasionally may get aster yellows, leaf spots, rusts, powdery mildew, downy mildew, root rots, caterpillars and slugs
Landscape habit, uses: meadow plantings, poor sites, more often seen as a wildflower or volunteer in natural plantings than a planted species
Other interest: native to Eurasia and northern Africa, this species has become naturalize throughout northern U.S. along roadsides and in waste places; the roots have been roasted and ground and used as a coffee substitute or additive although a related European species is generally cultivated for this purpose;
Other culture: deep taproot resents disturbance
Related Species: related to Endive and Radicchio salad greens (C. endiva)
©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part ofPSS123 course, fall 1997.
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