Lilium canadense

(lil' ee-um ca-na-dense')

Common name: Meadow Lily, Canada Lily, Wild Yellow Lily

Family: Liliaceae, Lily

Height x width: 2-5' x 1'

Growth rate: moderate

Foliage: lanceolate to 6" long in whorls of 4-10, veins beneath with prickles

Flowers: one to several (16-20 at most) nodding trumpet-shaped lily flowers, each long stalked, from yellow to red-orange with dark spots, near top of stem, early to mid summer

Hardiness: zones 3-9

Soil: moist

Light: sun

Pests and Problems: none serious

Landscape habit, uses: natural gardens, borders growing up amongst other perennials

Other interest: native to eastern North America; species from fact it is often found growing in southern Canada; Native Americans ate flower buds and roots

Other culture: easy, sturdy and generally doesn't require staking

Propagation: division of bulbils off mother bulb or scales, seeds

Related Species:

Michigan Lily, L. michiganense, is similar only with sepals and petals recurving backwards until they touch the flower tube.


Another American native which has become popular in the U.K., with several cultivars available there but seldom found in the U.S.


©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part of PSS123 course, fall 1997.

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