(uu-vue-lair' ee-ah gran-di-floor' ah)
Common name: Merrybells, Large-flowered Bellwort
Family: Colchicaceae, crocus (formerly listed under Liliaceae or Uvulariaceae)
Height x width: 18-24" x 12-18"
Growth rate: moderate
Foliage: alternate, perfoliate (leaf base completely surrounds stem), 3-5" long, oblong to lanceolate, downy on lower leaf surface
Flowers: yellow, campanulate (bell-shaped), pendulous, usually solitary at the ends of branches, to 1½" long with a slight twist to the petals; spring followed by a 3-angled capsule
Hardiness: zones 4-9
Soil: moist, organic and fertile prefered, pH 6-7.5
Light: part to full shade
Pests and Problems: none serious
Landscape habit, uses: natural or woodland garden, shaded border
Other interest: native to North America; named after the uvula--the lobe hanging into the throat from the soft palate-- which the flowers were thought to resemble; according to the doctrine of the scriptures since they resembled this throat appendage, they were thought and so used for throat ailments; genus names from the Latin uvula meaning soft palate, refering to above resemblance.
Other culture: easy
Propagation: spring division
The following are all about 12-18" tall and less commonly found in commerce.
caroliniana--Mountain Bellwort, shiny sessile leaves and stems in clumps, zone 5 cold hardy
floridana--Florida Bellwort, small leaf-like bract on the flower stalk, sessile (unstalked) leaves
perfoliata--Perfoliate Bellwort, perfoliate leaves as grandiflora only smaller overall
sessilifolia--Sessile Bellwort, sessile leaves
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