Perry's Perennial Pages

Late Fall Perennial Plant Photos 

If you're wondering what those attractive stems and pods are in your garden in fall, or if you should pull this plant out as a weed or not, these photos of some key garden perennials in late fall may help.  May also have basal growth by then, as you'd see in spring, which may help identify them too (see young perennial photos).  Some common plants may not be listed if they have only basal growth, or no above-ground parts note worthy in fall.


If you're not sure where to begin looking, perhaps start with flower habit:

upright: usually multiple stalks, sometimes branched, often with "pods" (example)

panicle: type of highly branched flower structure (example)

grass:  just that, may include the above (example)

Scientific Name (photo notes) Common Name (cultivar if shown) habit
Achillea (flat-topped terminal clusters) Yarrow (millefolium shown) upright
Achillea ptarmica 'The Pearl' (white button pods) Yarrow upright
Amsonia (note late leaves, slender pods) Blue Stars upright
Anemone Windflower ( 'Robustissima' shown) panicle
Anthemis (thin, upright dark brown stems) Marguerite Daisy upright
Artemisia (often with basal silvery leaves) Wormwood ('Oriental Limelight' shown) panicle
Aster novae-angliae (often white fluffy seeds) New England Aster panicle
Astilbe Plume Flower panicle
Baptisia australis (rounded seed pods) False Blue Indigo upright
Calamagrostis acutiflora Feather Reed Grass grass
Campanula (hanging bell-shaped pods) Bellflower (punctata shown) upright
Chelone Turtlehead upright
Coreopsis Tickseed ('Golden Gain' shown) upright
Dianthus Pinks (barbatus shown) upright
Echinacea purpurea (spiked pods, eaten partially by birds) Coneflower upright
Eupatorium (tall stems, open panicle) Joe-pye Weed panicle
Filipendula (upright tall stems, flat-topped) Meadowsweet panicle
Helenium autumnale Helen's flower panicle
Helianthus Perennial Sunflower ('Lemon Queen' shown) panicle
Helictotrichon sempervirens Blue Oat Grass grass
Heliopsis Perennial Sunflower panicle
Hemerocallis (matted foliage, some seed pods) Daylily upright
Heuchera (usually with basal foliage) Coralbells upright
Iris sibirica (open pods on single stalks) Siberian Iris upright
Leucanthemum Shasta Daisy upright
Liatris (dense spikes) Blazing Stars upright
Lilium Lily (Regal shown) upright
Lobelia (light, upright spike in foreground) Lobelia (siphilitica shown) upright
Malva (usually with rounded seed pods, self sows readily) Mallow upright
Miscanthus Silver Grass grass
Molinia Moor Grass grass
Monarda didyma (button-shaped pods) Bee Balm upright
Nepeta (tangled stems) Catmint upright
Oenothera (basal green leaves) Evening Primrose upright
Panicum virgatum Switch Grass grass
Penstemon (dark diagonal in foreground of grass) Beardtongue upright
Phlox paniculata Tall Garden Phlox panicle
Rudbeckia fulgida (cone-shaped pods) Black-eyed Susan ('Goldsturm' shown) upright
Rudbeckia laciniata 'Herbtsonne' Coneflower (Autumn Sun) panicle
Salvia Perennial Sage ('May Night' shown) panicle
Sedum (flat-topped terminal clusters) Sedum ('Autumn Joy' shown) upright
Solidago (often white fluffy seeds) Goldenrod ('Gold Spangles' shown) panicle
Stachys (silvery soft basal leaves) Lamb's Ears upright
Tanacetum (button pods in center, stems sideways) Tansy panicle
Veronica Speedwell ('St. Gaudens' shown') panicle
Vernonia (like goldenrod, larger seed heads, more upright stalks usually less branched) Ironweed panicle
Veronicastrum (tall, upright stalks) Culver's Root panicle


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