Convallaria lily-of-the-valley

(con-val-lair' ee-ah))

Common name: Lily-of-the-Valley

Family: Asparagus family (Asparagaceae, formerly listed under Convallariaceae, originally under Liliaceae)

Height x width: 1' x 2-3'

Growth rate, habit: moderate to fast spreading (spread most in cool, moist); spreading by underground stems

Foliage: dark green, basal, entire

Flowers: generally white, mildly fragrant (best enjoyed indoors), 5-8 per stem, drooping
(photo courtesy of bethpow,

Hardiness: prefer zones 2-5, tolerate zones 6-7, struggle in zone 8

Soil: prefer moist, tolerate dry

Light: sun to part shade zones 2-5, shade zones 6-8

Pests and problems: aphids, slugs

Landscape habit, uses: shade groundcover, front of border, along walks, massing

Other interest: relatively easily forced indoors, good cut flower especially sought for weddings, native to most of northern hemisphere, toxic if eaten in large quantities

Other culture: can be aggressive under ideal conditions

Propagation: division immediately after flowering


majalis (ma-jal' iss)--only species in genus, as above

Cultivars, other taxa species flowers other
'Albostriata' majalis white leaves striped white
'Fortin's Giant' majalis larger than species 12-15" tall
'Flore Pleno' ('Plena') majalis cream, double longer bloom than species
'Prolificans' majalis double, tight clusters  
var. rosea ('Rosea) majalis light pink  
'Variegata' ('Striata') majalis white leaves striped pale yellow


©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part of PSS123 course.

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