Phlox tall, creeping


Common name: Phlox

Family:Polemoniaceae, Phlox

Height x width:6"-48" x 12-24" varying with species

Growth rate, habit: moderate; upright (photo courtesy tgalmanac,

Foliage: opposite, varies with species

Flowers: color varies with species but generally bluish, purple, red, pink or white; spring to late summer depending on species; 5 petals often notched

Hardiness: zones 3 or 4 to 8 or 9, depending on species

Soil: moist

Light: varies

Pests and Problems: on most species powdery mildew and mites are major problems; chewing from small mammals as rabbits and woodchucks; also occasionally leaf spots, botrytis blight, nematodes

Landscape habit, uses: depending on species border, natural area, cutting

Other interest: all species are native to North America; name is same in Greek.

Other culture: remove spent flower heads from paniculata; usually need spraying for mites and mildew

Propagation: seed (2500 seeds per ounce), division in spring (most common), fall root cuttings of paniculata and some species, summer tip cuttings of divaricata and some species


Bloom time if not spring refers to summer. The following are the most available and popular.
Species zone flowers bloom light height other
x arendsii 4-8 various late sun 2-4' divaricata x paniculata
bifida 6-8 lavender blue spring sun 12" mounded
carolina 5-8 pink to purple spring sun 3' mildew resistant
divaricata 4-9 blue, fragrant early shade 1' buds untwist
douglasii 5-8 various spring sun 10" mat-forming
glaberrima 4-8 pink to purple early sun 2-3' rhizomatous
maculata 4-8 various, conical mid sun 2-3' mildew resistant
ovata 5-8 pink to purple spring sun 1-2' creeping and erect
paniculata 4-8 various, rounded late sun 2-4' crosses readily
pilosa 4-8 rose to pink mid sun 18" stoloniferous
x procumbens 4-8 purple to pink early sun 1' stolonifera x subulata
stolonifera 4-8 various, 2-3/cyme early shade 6" creeping and erect
subulata 3-9 various, small spring sun 3-6" groundcover


The following are the most common and available in the U.S. Cultivars of subulata often combine many other species.
Cultivar species flowers other
'Alpha' maculata rose, dark eye  
'Anita Kistler' glaberrima bright pink compact
'Anja' x arendsii reddish purple  
'Apple Blossom' subulata pale pink lilac darker eye
'Atropurpurea' subulata wine red  
'Blue Boy' paniculata lavender blue 3' tall
'Blue Hills' subulata deep blue notched flowers
'Blue Emerald' subulata blue  
'Blue Ridge' stolonifera blue lilac popular
'Bright Eyes' paniculata pale pink crimson eye
'Bruce's White' stolonifera white, yellow eye  
'Candy Stripe' subulata white, pink stripes  
'Caroline van den Berg' paniculata rich purple  
'Clouds of Perfume' divaricata pale blue fragrant
'Coral Eye' subulata pinkish white coral eye
'Crimson Beauty' subulata rose red  
'David' paniculata white best mildew resistance
'Delta' maculata white, rose eye  
'Dirigo Ice' divaricata icy blue 8-12"
'Dodo Hanbury Forbes' paniculata rose pink large panicles
'Dorffreude' paniculata deep pink red eye, 3' tall
'Dresden China' paniculata pastel pink darker eye
'Eco Happy Traveller' pilosa deep rose fragrant
'Eva Cullum' paniculata pink dark red eye
'Fairest One' paniculata salmon pink dark red eye
'Fairy's Petticoat' paniculata pale pink large panicles, darker eyes
'Fort Hill' subulata rosy pink fragrant, deeply cut
'Fran's Purple' stolonifera starry lilac 8-10"
'Franz Schubert' paniculata lilac star darker eye
'Fuller's White' divaricata white 8-12"
'Harlequin' paniculata violet blue variegated leaves, poor vigor
'H.B. May' paniculata bright pink large panicles, 3-4' tall
'Hilda' x arendsii mauve  
'Homefires' stolonifera rich pink showy
'Interior' glaberrima deep purple red  
'Irridescens' stolonifera blue-mauve iridescent
'Juliet' paniculata pale pink white eye, 2' tall
'Katherine' paniculata lavender 2-3' tall
var. laphamii divaricata dark blue 18"
var. laphamii 'Chattahoochee' divaricata    
'Leo Schlageter' paniculata bright red old cv., 30" tall
'Lilac Time' paniculata lilac blue large panicles
'London Grove Blue' divaricata deep blue fragrant
'Louisiana' divaricata purple blue magenta eye
'Maiden's Blush' subulata pink, red eye  
'Mia Ruys' paniculata white compact, 2' tall
'Millstream' x procumbens rose, dark stripes trailing
'Millstream Daphne' subulata pink, dark eye compact, vigorous
'Millstream Jupiter' subulata blue, yellow eye  
'Miss Lingard' carolina white old cv.
'Morris Berd' glaberrima rose pink  
'Mrs. R.P. Struthers' paniculata scarlet deep green leaves
'Mt. Fuji' (Mt. Fujiyama) paniculata white worst for mildew
'Natascha' maculata pink, white star 2' tall
'Newbird' paniculata plum red  
'Nora Leigh' paniculata pink lavender creamy leaves, green center
'Omega' maculata white, lilac eye floriferous
'Orange Perfection' paniculata salmon orange small red eye
'Othello' paniculata depp red long bloom
'Ozarkiana' pilosa pink, white center fragrant
'Pinafore Pink' paniculata pale pink red eye, 12-15" tall
'Pink Emerald' subulata pink emerald green foliage
'Pink Gown' paniculata rose 24-30" tall
'Pink Ridge' stolonifera dark pink 6" tall mats
'Prime Minister' paniculata white, pink tint red eye
'Red Wings' subulata rose red vigorous
'Rosalinde' maculata dark pink  
'Russian Violet' paniculata purple violet large panicles, 3-4' tall
'Sandra' paniculata scarlet 2' tall
'Scarlet Flame' subulata deep scarlet darker eye
'Schneewitchen':'Snow White' subulata    
'Sherwood Purple' stolonifera purple blue fragrant, popular
'Sir John Falstaff' paniculata salmon pink large panicles, 2-3' tall
'Snowflake' subulata white compact, floriferous
'Snow White' subulata white, small small plants
'Spring Delight' hybrid rose pink paniculata x stolonifera
'Starfire' paniculata cherry red striking color
'Sternhimmel' paniculata light lavender 2-3' tall
'Susanne' x arendsii white, red eye  
'Tamanonagalei':'Candy Stripe' subulata    
'Tenor' paniculata rosy scarlet early
'The King' paniculata purple lavender 2-3' tall
'Triflorum' glaberrima pink, groups of 3 8-12" tall
'Variegata' x procumbens mauve pink dark leaves edged white
'White Admiral' paniculata white worst for mildew
'White Delight' subulata white open habit
'Windsor' paniculata pale rose salmon eye
'World Peace' ('Pax') paniculata white late, glossy leaves

('David' photo courtesy Missouri Botanical Gardens plantfinder)

©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part of PSS123 course.

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