(trii-fol' ee-um praa' tense)
Common name: Red Clover
Family: Fabaceae, Bean
Height x width: 6-24" x 18-24"
Growth rate: moderate
Foliage: 3 leaflets ½-2" long, blunt and oval, blotched with a white V pattern in the middle
Flowers: stalkless magenta or purple in dense rounded terminal heads, summer
Hardiness: zones 3-9
Pests and Problems: none serious
Landscape habit, uses: meadows, embankments, impoverished soils, bee and butterfly gardens, often found along roadsides
Other interest: native to Europe, it was introduced into the U.S. as a hay and pasture crop and has widely escaped and naturalized; it stores nitrogen in its root nodules so is used to improve soil fertility; state flower of Vermont; genus from the Latin tres meaning three and folius meaning leaf, refering to the three leaflets
Other culture: may be too aggressive for small areas
Propagation: seed, desirable types by division
medium, Zig Zag Clover--narrower leaflets, flowers on stalks, less seldom seen
hybridum, Alsike Clover--whitish pink flower heads, lacks the white leaf marking
Several ornamental cultivars exist in Europe. Some agronomic selections may be found in the U.S.
©Authored by Dr. Leonard Perry, Professor, University of Vermont as part ofPSS123 course, fall 1997.
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